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Diseases & Treatments

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Acute Appendicitis

Hindi

The appendix is a tubular structure attached to the cecum just below the point where the small intestine opens in the large intestine.

Inguinal Hernia

Hindi

An inguinal hernia is a swelling in the groin area caused by protrusion of abdominal contents, including intestines, into a sac or a cavity. This can be present on one side or on both sides. Surgery is the only modality available to treat this condition. It can be done by either open method or laparoscopic method.

Spina Bifida Meningomyelocoele

Hindi

Spina bifida and Meningomyelocoele is a birth defect of the spinal cord. This problem is a result of defective development of the back bone and occurs early in pregnancy. The nerves of the spinal cord bulge out of this defect and lie exposed. Treatment is both surgical and medical.

Tongue Tie

Hindi

Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) is a congenital condition in which the skin connecting the tongue to floor of mouth is short affecting speech and feeding.

Hypospadias

Hindi

Hypospadias is a congenital condition where urinary opening is seen on the underside of the penis rather than at the tip.

Hydronephrosis

Hindi

Hydronephrosis is swelling in kidney due to accumulation of urine and is caused usually by outflow obstruction at pelvi-ureteric junction.

Torsion Testes

Hindi

Torsion of the testes is caused by twisting of the cord structures resulting in loss of blood supply and leads to gangrene

Undescended testes

Hindi

Undescended testes is a condition where a boy's testicles are not present in the scrotum and can be unilateral or bilateral

Posterior urethral Valve (PUV)

Hindi

Posterior urethral valves is a congential disorder in boys where an abnormal leaflet of tissue causes obstruction to urine flow

Epispadias

Hindi

Epispadias is a congenital condition where one wall of urethra is absent and urinary opening is present on the dorsum of penis

Bladder Exstrophy

Hindi

Bladder exstrophy is a congenital condition where bladder is open and exposed due to deficiency in lower abdominal wall

Mitrofanoff - Clean Intermittent Catheterisation (CIC)

Hindi

Mitrofanoff is a procedure to create a tube between the urinary bladder and the skin through which a catheter can be inserted to drain urine at regular intervals

Gynaecological Problems

Hindi

Gynaecological problems can affect the vagina, uterus or ovaries and can happen anytime from new born period to adolescence

Antegrade Continent Enema (MACE)

Hindi

MACE is a procedure to create a tube connecting skin to bowel through which long term enema therapy can be given

Gastroschisis

Hindi

Gastroschisis is a birth defect in the abdominal wall from which contents of abdomen, mainly bowel, protrude outside the body

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH)

Hindi

CDH is a birth defect resulting in a hole in the muscle separating the abdomen from the chest cavity, through which stomach, liver and spleen enter the chest.

Abdominal Wall defects

Hindi

Anterior abdominal wall does not develop fully in some children resulting in two types of birth defects - omphalocoele and gastroschisis.

Colostomy

Hindi

Colostomy is a surgical procedure where the colon is brought to the skin of the abdomen wall to evacuate the faeces

Anorectal Malformation - Female (ARM)

Hindi

Anorectal Malformation is a congenital defect in which the anus and rectum is not properly formed and child passes stools through vagina or into the urinary system

Anorectal Malformation - Male (ARM)

Hindi

Anorectal Malformation is a congenital defect in which the anus and rectum is not properly formed and child passes stools through abnormal opening or into the urinary system

Biliary Atresia

Hindi

Biliary atresia is a congenital condition where there is obstruction to flow of bile from liver to intestine resulting in jaundice and liver damage

Choledochal Cyst

Hindi

Choledochal Cyst is a condition where there is dilatation of bile ducts resulting in obstruction to bile flow leading to jaundice

Pancreatitis

Hindi

Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, which is the organ responsible for producing enzymes to digest food and  insulin to control blood sugar. It can be acute or chronic.

Gall Stones (Cholelithiasis)

Hindi

Gall stones, also known as cholelithiasis, refers to stones in the gall bladder which is a sac like structure under the liver storing bile

Wilms tumour (renal Mass)

Hindi

Wilms tumour is a common kidney tumour affecting children less than 5 years of age and usually presents with an abdominal mass

Neuroblastoma

Hindi

Neuroblastoma is a solid tumour of young children arising from the nerve tissues in the neck, chest and abdomen

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS)

Hindi

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare tumour affecting the soft tissues of the body and can occur in any body part

Vascular access in Children

Hindi

Central venous access is vital in management of children with cancer and can be established with a chemoport or hickman catheters

Thyroglossal cyst

Hindi

Thyroglossal cyst is a congenital midline neck swelling, which is usually painless and moves up and down when the child swallows

Subglottic cysts

Hindi

Subglottic cysts are fluid filled lesions seen just below the vocal cords and are a common cause of airway blockage in children

neck swellings

Hindi

Neck swellings are common in children and are usually benign. Some resolve with medicines while others may require surgery

Hydrocephalus

Hindi

Hydrocephalus is referred to as "water in the brain" and is caused by accumulation of fluid due to block in the normal channels resulting in large head size

cleft lip and palate

Hindi

Cleft lip is birth defect where the two sides of lip do not fuse while cleft palate is a gap in the roof of the mouth cavity

Branchial cyst and sinus

Hindi

Branchial cysts and sinuses are developemental defects affecting the neck of children and can present as a painless swelling or a pit with discharge

Anaesthesia in children

Hindi

Anaesthesia is required for painless and safe surgery in children and can be of three types - general, regional or local

blood in stools

Hindi

Blood in stools is a common problem and can have different causes based in the age. Anal fissure, intussususception, intestinal polyps are some of them

childhood cancer

Hindi

Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells and in children most commonly involves the blood and lymph nodes (leukemia/lymphoma). Solid tumours also occur in children

constipation

Hindi

Constipation is the failure to pass stools regularly or passage of hard stools and is usual due to habitual or functional causes

foreign body ingestion

Hindi

Ingestion of foreign bodies is common in children between 6 months and two years of age. The symptoms depend on the nature of the object and the location

foreign body in respiratory tract

Hindi

Foreign body aspiration happens when any object is inhaled into the wind pipe and is commonly seen in pre school children. It is a surgical emergency.

Hydrocele

Hindi

Hydrocelele is swelling in the scrotum caused due to the accumunation of fluid within its layers. It is a common cause of swelling in the scrotum in pediatric age group

Intussusception

Hindi

Intussusception is a condition where there is telescoping of one part of intestine into another. It is commonly seen when small intestine telescopes into the large intestine

Phimosis

Hindi

Inability to retract the foreskin over penile glans is known as phimosis. It is one of the common problem in boys. It is a physiological phenomenon in toddlers but could be ocassionally need surgical treatment

Umbilical and paraumbilical hernia

Hindi

Swelling in the umbilicus might be due to part of bowel herniating underneath the defect. This condition is known as umbilical hernia